JOAO - the Goan farmer
Goa's main staple, rice is grown in paddy fields across large areas of Goa. Two different crops are planted: Rabi is sown during the monsoon in June and harvested in November and Karif is cultivated during the dry season between October and Febuary using irrigation water stored in reservoirs and ponds.
Each stage of the process, involves days sloshing around in thick mud, or being bent double under blazing sunshine.
These farmers lived in houses built of mud, laterite stone and other locally available material. The main part of the house is roofed with small clay tiles 'sulche nodde'. A
cow dung paved courtyard flanked by a haystack, ploughing instruments, a woven palm-leaf 'rain coat", all lead to a narrow patio, fronting a single-room mud dwelling.
This thatched structure houses in a single room, the kitchen with a fire place, a bamboo hung with rope from the roof, is used for hanging the garments and even the 'gumot' (drum). A crude altar / devaro houses idols of saints and deities.
The front patio has a niche bearing an oil lamp and the floor has a pit where rice or spices are pounded using a pounding stick
is one of the most ancient percussion instruments in existence . It is an earthen pot having two mouths out of
which one is big and the other one is narrow. The bigger mouth is covered with Monitor lizard skin (varanus app.) And
fixed with tree gum and cotton string. The Ghumat is suspended from the neck or tied to the waist of the player and
played with the right hand controlling the pressure within the pot when the right hand fingers strike on the membrane.
The Ghumat is the most common folk percussion instrument widely used by both the Hindus and Christians during
the festivities such as Shigmo, Ganesh Chaturthi, Zatra, Zagor, Mando Dhulpod etc. Ghumot has its prime place
in the traditional orchestra called Sunwari as well as other music forms such as Arati
Cowshed & Haystack
A long the front yard, lies the cowshed & haystack with traditional farming tools
The haystack was a form of food provision for the cattle.
The implements used by the farmer were eco – friendly and designed to give maximum benefits with minimum efforts.